Snakes are a symbol of elusiveness, transmutation, exploration of the mysteries of life, primitive or elemental energy, protection from religious persecution, Goddess energy, psychic energy, creative power, immortality, rebirth, resurrection, initiation, wisdom, healing, transformation. Some Native American tribes sees snakes, as masculine, in the same vein as the phallic representation of lightning which is a force of assertive power. However, some Native American tribes sees snakes as mothering, creators and lunar. In either guises, the snake is an important symbol for Native American tribes as an element of focus and weighty influence.
Ancient Celts saw the snake as an important symbol as well. For them the snake was a symbol of secret knowledge, cunning and transformation. This symbolism has come from observing the behaviour of the adder and grass snake who seem able to survive the colder climate. For them the shedding of skin is a symbol of transformation, a physical representation of leaving the old life behind (the skin) and come through sleeker and newer, an eternal symbol of renewal and rebirth,